Planning to have a child? Lower miscarriage risk by giving that morning coffee a pass, according to a recent American study.
Those who are planning to start a family should try to reduce their daily caffeine intake, researchers from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Ohio State University (OSU) found.
According to results from a joint investigation, expectant women are more miscarriage prone if they consume more than two caffeinated drinks per day, during the first seven weeks of gestation.
Male partners also come into the equation as results also suggest an equally strong relationship between their pre-conception caffeinated drink consumption and stillbirth rates.
The hazard ratio – a measure of a foetal life expiration – posed by caffeine intake was computed at 1.73 for fathers and 1.74 for mothers. This directly translates into a 73 to 74 per cent increase in the odds of stillbirth for caffeine-consuming couples, as compared to their counterparts who avoid the bitter stimulant, which is commonly found in coffee and tea.
This alarming discovery was made based on data gathered from the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment (LIFE) study sponsored by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development.
Under the LIFE study, a total of 501 couples from Michigan and Texas were examined across a five-year period to investigate how reproduction is affected by lifestyle habits and substance exposure.
Similar to the LIFE investigation, all participants of the current study were asked to monitor their daily intake of cigarettes, alcohol, caffeinated drinks and multivitamins prior to conception and during the early stages of pregnancy. Out of the 344 couples who took part, 98 were unsuccessful in carrying a child to conception.
On a more positive note, the NIH-OSU study also determined that women who consume a multivitamin daily, prior to and following conception, lower their chances of miscarriage significantly.
Read AFP for the full report.