Factors like being physically active and having a balanced diet prevent a stroke from occurring, according to a recent study.
You can prevent nine out of 10 strokes, so long as risk factors such as hypertension are absent, a global study found.
The study involved close to 27,000 people who came from 32 countries, covering all continents.
A person without hypertension reduces his or her stroke risk by 47.9 per cent, researchers found. Those who are physically active were 35.8 per cent less likely to get a stroke, while having a healthy diet lowers the risk by 23.2 per cent.
Researchers looked at 10 risk factors in total, considering any possible overlap. Other risk factors included obesity and stress.
In the absence of all 10 risk factors, one is 90.7 per cent less likely to get a stroke, the study that was later published in The Lancet found.
This is a rare glimpse of good news surrounding strokes, the leading cause of death and disability across the world.
“Our findings will inform the development of global population-level interventions to reduce stroke, and how such programmes may be tailored to individual regions, as we did observe some regional differences in the importance of some risk factors by region,” said author Salim Yusuf.
“This includes better health education, more affordable healthy food, avoidance of tobacco and more affordable medication for hypertension and dyslipidaemia,” Mr Yusuf, who works at McMaster University’s Population Health Research Institute added.
Around 85 per cent of strokes are ischaemic, meaning that they were triggered by blood clots, U.S. News reported. The remaining ones were haemorrhagic – a result of bleeding in the brain.
Indications of a stroke include numbness in the face or limbs, and struggling to walk or talk.
Check out U.S. News for the full report.